Data Health Plans

The purpose of a Data Health Plan is to enable efficient and effective health activities based on the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle and the analysis of various data, including medical cost data and information from health examinations. The Japanese government has asked all health insurance societies to implement their own Data Health Plans from the 2015 fiscal year.

  • A Data Health Plan is a plan for implementing health activities effectively and efficiently, based on an analysis of various data, including medical cost details (rezepts) and information from health examinations.
  • This scientific approach is intended to make the activities more effective.
  • A Data Health Plan will be formulated in conjunction with plans for specific health checkups and other activities.
  • The six-year period from fiscal 2024 through fiscal 2029 marks the third period of the Data Health Plan.

Objectives of the Data Health Plan

Approved by the Japanese government in a June 2013 Cabinet decision, the Japan Revitalization Strategy identifies "extending the nation's healthy life expectancy" as a key policy objective. Healthy life expectancy refers to the time for which a person can live free of health-related restrictions on day to day activities. An important goal of extending healthy life expectancy is to minimize the difference between average life expectancy and healthy life expectancy-i.e., the duration for which an individual is afflicted with health problems that restrict day to day activities. A Data Health Plan is intended to help achieve this goal.

Distinguishing features of Data Health Plans

Under a Data Health Plan, health activities will be managed in accordance with the PDCA (plan-do-check-act) cycle. This includes analyzing data, including data gleaned from rezepts and health examinations; ascertaining Society medical care costs; stratifying health risks; and identifying persons for whom health activities would be highly effective. Based on a data-driven scientific approach rather than undertaken haphazardly, activities based on this approach should prove more effective. This is the goal of the Data Health Plans.

Preparation, evaluation, and review of Data Health Plans


Structurally ascertain current conditions.

  • Take stock of current initiatives (sort member attributes and summaries of establishments, and review initiatives of the health insurance society and employers).
  • Ascertain current state through basic analysis (ascertain current conditions from health examinations, rezept data, etc.).
    • Advance preparations: Ascertain implementation status of specific health checkups and specific health guidance and percentage of those eligible for specific health guidance.
    • Ascertaining conditions health activities should target: Ascertain medical care costs incurred and potential risks.
    • Ascertaining details: Organize problems into structured issues.

Prioritize health issues.

Identify apparent health issues after ascertaining current conditions and prioritize them. Additionally, determine the appropriate course of action for countermeasures.


Choose activities that would help resolve issues and set targets and evaluation indicators.

Choose health activities to resolve health issues for both the fundamentals of health activities and individual activities. Set targets and evaluation indicators and consider subjects and methods.

Implement health activities.

Evaluate and revise activities.

Use evaluation indicators to confirm whether targets have been achieved. Revise plans as necessary.

Source: Guide to Preparing Data Health Plans (Revised) (Health Insurance Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; National Federation of Health Insurance Societies)

Relationship to specific health diagnoses

Cycle to data-driven health activities by standardizing electronic data on health exams. Additionally, since plans for specific health checkups and other activities address specific methods for implementing both specific health checkups and specific health guidance, two key health activities, it is desirable for the Data Health Plan to be formulated in a manner linked to these plans, thereby making health activities more effective and efficient.

Reference link

Planning period and announcing and publicizing the plan

The period covered by the third-term Data Health Plan is the six-year period from fiscal 2024 through fiscal 2029. Of this period, the first half is defined to be from fiscal 2024 through fiscal 2026 and the second half from fiscal 2027 through fiscal 2029. Plans for the second half will be revised as needed based on interim evaluations carried out at the end of the first half.

In addition, to ensure that members, employers, and other related parties understand the nature and objectives of the health activities and to make them more effective, the Data Health Plan will be announced via the Society website and bulletin. Additionally, other plans and efforts will seek to promote awareness among the affected parties.

Pfizer Health Insurance Society data health plan